Parliament of India | Rajya Sabha & Lok Sabha

Parliament of India | Rajya Sabha & Lok Sabha(Part-2)


keen lms- lok sabha and rajya sabha

Rajya Sabha

  1. The Rajya Sabha represents the states of India and is an indirectly elected body.
  2. Elected members of State Legislative Assembly elect the members of Rajya Sabha.
  3. In the U.S.A, every state has equal representation in the Senate irrespective of size and population of the states, but in India, it is not the same.
  4. In India, densely populated states get more representatives than states with smaller population Ex. Uttar Pradesh (most populated state) is represented by 31 Rajya Sabha members wheres as Sikkim is represented by only 1 member.
  5. Members of the Rajya Sabha are elected for a term of six years. These members are eligible to get re-elected.
  6. One third members of Rajya Sabha complete their terms every two years. Thus Rajya Sabha is never fully dissolved.
  7. The Rajya Sabha also has 12 nominated members apart from elected members who are from the field of literature, science, art & social services.
  8. Allocation Rajya Sabha seats for States & Union Territories (UT) is described under the Fourth Schedule of the Constitution.

Lok Sabha

  1. Members of Lok Sabha & State Legislative Assemblies are directly elected by people of the nation.
  2. The entire nation is divided into different territorial constituencies for election purpose. From 197 to till date there are 543 constituencies.
  3. Members of Lok Sabha are elected for the period of 5 years.
  4. The Lok Sabha can be dissolved if no party or coalition can form the government or if the Prime Minister advises the President to dissolve the Lok Sabha and hold fresh elections.
  5. The maximum strength of the house can be upto 552, as per constitution of India. Currently the house has 545 seats. Out of which
    • Elected Members: 543
    • Nominated Members: 2 (Anglo-Indian community and nominated by President of India.
  6. One third members of Rajya Sabha complete their terms every two years. Thus Rajya Sabha is never fully dissolved.
  7. The Rajya Sabha also has 12 nominated members apart from elected members who are from the field of literature, science, art & social services.
  8. Allocation Rajya Sabha seats for States & Union Territories (UT) is described under the Fourth Schedule of the Constitution.

Qualifications & Disqualification of Member of the Parliament (MP)

Eligibility

  • Must be citizen of India
  • Minimum age: 30 years (Rajya Sabha) & 25 years (Lok Sabha)
  • Must possess qualification prescribed by Parliament under Representation of people act, 1951.
What is Representation of people act, 1951?
Representation of Peoples Act 1951 is an act enacted by the Indian provincial parliament before first general elections. The People’s Representation act provides for the actual conduct of elections in India. The act also deals with details like qualification and disqualification of members of both houses of Parliament (ie Loksabha and Rajyasabha) and the state legislatures (ie. State Legislative Assembly and State Legislative Council).

MP can be disqualified when

  • If he/she holds office of profit under state or union government
  • If declared mentally unsound by a court
  • If he/she is an undischarged insolvent
  • If he/she is not a citizen of India or has acquired citizenship of any other nation.
  • if MP is disqualified under prescribed parliament law under Representation of People Act (RPA), 1951.

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