Parliament of India | President (Part-1)
The parliament of India comprises the President, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. The Lok Sabha is also called the Lower House and the Rajya Sabha is also called the Upper House. Article 79-122 of the constitution deals with Chapter II (Parliament) of Part V (Union), Article 79-88 deals with the General provisions regarding the Parliament. Articles 107-122 of Chapter II (Parliament) in the Part V (Union) of Constitution of India deals with three sub-topics namely : Legislative Procedure, Procedure in Financial Matters and Procedure Generally.
Composition of the Parliament of India
Parliament of India mainly composed of 3 parts
- President of India
- Lok Sabha
- Rajya Sabha
The President of India
- The President of of India is the head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
- Article 52 – There shall be a President of India.
- Article 53 – The executive power of the Union shall be vested in the President. He shall exercise the executive power directly or through subordinate officers in accordance with the constitution.
Basic Qualification for President
Article 58 of the Indian Constitution defines qualification of the presidential candidate:
- He/She must be a citizen of India;
- Age must not be less than 35 years;
- He/She must be qualified to be an elected member of the Lok Sabha but shall not be a member;
Number of Electors in 2017
The last Presidential elections in India were held in 2017. The total number of members in the Electoral College for the Presidential election in 2017 was 4,896, as follows:
- Lok Sabha: 543 Members
- ARajya Sabha: 233 Members
- Total Members of State Assembly: 4120 Members
Election of President
The President of india is not elected by the people directly. He/She is elected by indirect elections in the parliament, for a term of 5 years and eligible to re-elected for the same office for unlimited times.
Termination of the President
The President can removed from the office only by the process of impeachment before the end of his/her term. The President can voluntarily terminate his/her term by writing a resignation addressed to the Vice-President.
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