15 August, 1947 Indian Independence Day
15th August is celebrated as Independence day across the country. India will celebrate the 72nd Independence day on 15th august 2018. It reminds us about the dawn of a new beginning, the beginning of an era of independence from the clutches of British colonialism of more than 200 years.
- India became free from British rule on 15 August 1947, which is celebrated as the Indian Independence day.
- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of independent India and hoisted the national flag on Red Fort, Delhi and reading out his speech on “Tryst with destiny” at midnight of 14th and 1th August 1947.
- The national flag of India is tricoloured with the ashoka chakra in the middle.
- The top band is of Saffron colour, indicating the strength and courage.
- The white middle band represents peace and truth with Dharma Chakra in the centre.
- The last band is green in colour which represents the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land.
- The Dharma Chakra depicted the "wheel of the law" in the Sarnath Lion Capital made by the 3rd-century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. The chakra on the flag intends to show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation.
- The official Indian flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya. It initially had a spinning wheel in the middle, later replaced by the “Dharma Chakra,” which represents a wheel of law.
- At this special day we remember the great sacrifices of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, RajGuru, Gandhiji and other dared freedom fighters for their unforgettable contribution in the independence of India.
- August 15 is celebrated as Independence Day in four other countries as well – Bahrain, Korea, Liechtenstein and Republic of Congo.
- During Independence, India didn’t have any National Anthem. Jana Gana Mana was written by Rabindranath Tagore in 1911 and was officially adopted in 1950.
- India gets its name from the River Indus which was the home of the Indus Valley Civilization, and is considered to be one of the first civilizations. On the other hand, our country’s name in Sanskrit is Bhartiya Ganarjya.
- Hindi is not the national language of India. It was chosen as India’s first official language and was declared so in 1949.
- We all are of the notion that Indian flag was first hoisted on Aug 15th 1947. But that isn’t true. Our National flag is said to be first hoisted on August 7, 1906 in Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park) in Calcutta.