Facts about former Indian PM from BJP, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Shri Atala Bihari Vajpayee was born on December 25, 1924 in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. Vajpayee’s political career began in the early 1940s when he participated in the Quit India Movement, during which he was put behind bars for 23 days. He was the first Indian Prime Minister who was not a member of the Indian National Congress party to have served a full five-year term. Below are some key points from his political career.
- Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born on December 25, 1924 in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh.
- He held the Prime Minister post for three non-consecutive terms in 1996, 1998-99, and from 1999-2004.
- Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee was elected to the Lok Sabha for the first time in the year 1957 from Balrampur in Uttar Pradesh. He was elected for a total of 10 times to the Lok Sabha from four different States and was twice a member of the Rajya Sabha.
- He was a part of the Quit India Movement in the year 1942 and was arrested for 23 days.
- Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee was a member of the Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh (RSS) since the year 1939.
- He had a Masters degree in Political Science from Kanpur.
- Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee was one of the founding members of the Jan Sangh in 1951. He became its president in 1968 after the death of Mr. Deendayal Upadhyaya. He also co founded the Bharatiya Janta Party in the year 1980.
- He was a great orator. His poetry is collated in his book Meri Ekyaavan Kavitayein (My 51 Poems).
- He was the first Indian prime minister who was not a member of the Indian National Congress party to have served a full five-year term in office.
- He was the Minister of External Affairs in the cabinet of Prime Minister Morarji Desai (1977 - 1979).
- It was Shri Vajpayee who created the foundation of Right to Education with the Sarva Siksha Abhiyan, which made education for children aged 6 to 14 years a fundamental right.
- He was conferred India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, by the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee in 2015.
- 1992: Padma Vibhushan, the second-highest civilian award in India
- 1993: Doctorate in Literature from Kanpur University
- 1994: Lokmanya Tilak Award
- 1994: Outstanding Parliamentarian Award
- 1994: Bharat Ratna Pandit Govind Vallabh Pant Award
- 2015: Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India
- 2015: Bangladesh Muktijuddho Sanmanona (Bangladesh Liberation War honour), the highest state award given by Bangladesh